3. The land area on which the New Theory should be implemented was calculated by His Majesty in consideration of the average land ownership
which is approximately 15 rai per household. However, the size and proportional management of the land (30:30:30:10) is not fixed. If the farmer owns a larger or smaller piece of land, this proportion can be adjusted.
4. The integration of multiple cropping (for example, cultivation of rice as a primary crop, mixed with cultivation of vegetables, fruit crops, field crops and herbal plants as secondary crops)
with fishery and animal husbandry enables farmers to obtain harvests all year round. This not only helps to reduce household food expenditures but it also creates supplementary income for the family.
5. Cooperation at the communal level, by Long Khaek or the traditional gathering to help one another in an activity, e.g. during a rice harvest, is an important force for the implementation of
the New Theory. This not only promotes affection and unity in the community itself but also reduces costs to be incurred for labour employment.
6. The digging of the pond results in a lot of
surplus soil that can be used for many purposes. The topsoil, which is a fertile part, should be used later in the cultivation of various crops by spreading it over lower and unfertile layers of soil or on raised beds along the
edges of the pond or fields.